Vienna, Austria

ESTRO 2023

Session Item

Tumour radiobiology
Poster (Digital)
Photon and Proton irradiation in Patient-derived, 3D Soft Tissue Sarcoma models: A Pilot Study
Siyer Roohani, Germany


Photon and Proton irradiation in Patient-derived, 3D Soft Tissue Sarcoma models: A Pilot Study

Siyer Roohani1

1Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Department of Radiation Oncology, Berlin, Germany

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Purpose or Objective

Introduction: Despite their heterogeneity, the current standard preoperative radiotherapy regimen for localized high-grade soft tissue sarcoma (STS) follows a one fits all approach for all STS subtypes. Sarcoma patient-derived three-dimensional cell culture models represent an innovative tool to overcome challenges in clinical research enabling reproducible subtype-specific research on STS. In this pilot study, we present our methodology and preliminary results using STS patient-derived 3D cell cultures that were exposed to different doses of photon and proton radiation. Our aim was: (i) to establish a reproducible method for irradiation of STS patient-derived 3D cell cultures and (ii) to explore the differences in tumor cell viability of two different STS subtypes exposed to increasing doses of photon and proton radiation at different time points.

Material and Methods

Methods: Two patient-derived cell cultures of untreated localized high-grade STS (an undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) and a pleomorphic liposarcoma (PLS)) were exposed to a single session of photon or proton irradiation using doses of 0 Gy (=sham irradiation), 2 Gy, 4 Gy, 8 Gy and 16 Gy. Cell viability was measured and compared to sham irradiation at two different time points (four days and eight days after irradiation).


Results: The proportion of viable tumor cells four days after photon irradiation for UPS vs PLS were significantly different with 85% vs 65% (4 Gy), 80% vs 50% (8 Gy) and 70% vs 35% (16 Gy). Proton irradiation led to similar diverging viability curves between UPS vs PLS four days after irradiation with 90% vs 75% (4 Gy), 85% vs 45% (8 Gy) and 80% vs 35% (16 Gy). Photon and proton radiation displayed only minor differences in cytotoxicity within each cell culture (UPS and PLS). The cell-killing effect of radiation sustained at eight days after irradiation in both cell cultures.


Conclusion: Relevant differences in radiosensitivity are evident among UPS and PLS 3D patient-derived sarcoma cell cultures. Photon and proton radiation showed similar dose-dependent cell-killing effectiveness in both 3D cell cultures. We are optimistic that patient-derived 3D STS cell cultures will enable future translational studies to offer individualized subtype-specific radiotherapy in patients with STS.