Online

ESTRO 2020

Session Item

Saturday
November 28
10:30 - 11:30
Online
Proffered papers 7: Evaluating and predicting toxicity in RT
1208
Proffered Papers
RTT
10:30 - 10:40
DW MRI analysis of salivary glands during head and neck radiotherapy to predict late xerostomia.
Aileen Duffton, United Kingdom
OC-0108

Abstract

DW MRI analysis of salivary glands during head and neck radiotherapy to predict late xerostomia.
Authors: Lynsey Devlin.(The Beatson West of Scotland Cancer Center, Department of Radiotherapy, Glasgow, United Kingdom), Aileen Duffton.(The Beatson West of Scotland Cancer Center, Department of Radiotherapy, Glasgow, United Kingdom), Olivia Kemp.(University of Glasgow, Medicine- veterinary and life science, Glasgow, United Kingdom), Philip McLoone.(University of Glasgow- Glasgow- United Kingdom, Institute of Health & Wellbeing, Glasgow, United Kingdom), Claire Paterson.(The Beatson West of Scotland Cancer Center, Department of Clinical Oncology, Glasgow, United Kingdom)
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Purpose or Objective

Xerostomia is a common and permanent side effect following radiotherapy (RT) for head and neck (H&N) cancer. There is no validated method of predicting, during treatment, the severity of subsequent xerostomia. Serial diffusion weighted MRI (DW MRI) allows evaluation of changes in the salivary glands during RT. The aim of this study was to investigate association between change in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) during RT and severity of xerostomia at 12 months.

Material and Methods

Patients recruited to the MeRInO study, who had completed scanning protocol and follow up were included. Parotid (PG), submandibular (SMG) and sublingual glands (SLG) were delineated on a baseline dataset acquired prior to fraction 1 (MR_1) and on a repeat dataset acquired before fraction 11, dose delivered 21.6Gy (MR_2). All scans were acquired on a GE Signa 1.5T HDxt (GE, Crawley, UK). Structures were delineated on the T1 post contrast FS sequence, modified to account for visual assessment, motion and artefact on b=0, and registered to the ADC map on Eclipse v 15.5 (Varian medical systems, Palo Alto).  Mean ADC measurements and volumes on ADC map were recorded for each gland.  Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) scoring criteria was used to record toxicity at 12 months.

Results

31 intermediate-high risk patients with SCC of the oropharynx (OPSCC) were included in the analysis. 30 patients had completed a course of VMAT RT 65Gy/30 fractions, 1 patient received 62.8Gy/29 fractions. Median age (range) was 57 years (37-70). Majority of patients were male (87%), 15 (48%) patients had HPV negative disease. At 12 months toxicity was recorded for 25 (81%) patients.  Toxicity was unavailable at 12 months for 6 patients, 4 of whom died and 1 who had recurrence. Number of patients experiencing each toxicity score are shown in Table 1.

The only parameters meeting statistical significance when correlated with 12 month xerostomia scores were left SLG volume which indicated a larger increase in patients with G2+ toxicity compared to G0-1 (94.7% versus 38.9%, p=0.016), and a smaller increase in mean % ADC in left PG (8.3% versus 19.8%, p=0.007) in those with G2+ compared to G0-1 (Table 2). However, patients with more severe toxicity at 12 months (G2+) appeared to demonstrate a smaller increase in ADC for all PGs and SMGs.




Conclusion

A non-statistically significant trend was demonstrated between toxicity and change in ADC in all PGs and SMGs – more severe late xerostomia was more likely in patients with a smaller ADC rise in those glands, this pattern met statistical significance in the left PG only. This signal will be evaluated further in a larger dataset on completion of the MeRInO study.

As strategies to reduce toxicity after H&N RT continue to be investigated, serial evaluation of ADC in salivary glands during treatment may allow a biologically adaptive treatment strategy for those identified to be most at risk of late severe toxicity.