ESTRO 2020

Session Item

Physics track: Dose measurement and dose calculation
00:00 - 00:00
Creating individually computed head models to simulate TTFields distribution
Zeev BOMZON, Israel


Creating individually computed head models to simulate TTFields distribution
Authors: Zeev BOMZON.(Novocure Ltd., Research and Development, Haifa, Israel), Hadas Sara Hershkovich.(Novocure Ltd., Research and Development, Haifa, Israel), Adrian Kinzel.(Novocure GmbH, Medical, Munich, Germany), Shay Levi.(Novocure Ltd., Research and Development, Haifa, Israel), Doron Manzur.(Novocure Ltd., Research and Development, Haifa, Israel), Ariel Naveh.(Novocure Ltd., Research and Development, Haifa, Israel), Noa Urman.(Novocure Ltd., Research and Development, Haifa, Israel)
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Purpose or Objective

Tumor Treating Fields (TTFields) are locally applied alternating electric fields of intermediate frequency used to treat glioblastoma multiforme (200 kHz). Currently, TTFields are also investigated in clinical phase III trials in other solid cancers. TTFields distribution in the tissue is affected by the position of the transducer arrays delivering the therapy, but also by the patient’s anatomy and the electric properties of tissue and tumor. For investigating the influence of TTFields distribution on  patient outcome, we aimed to design realistic, patient-specific computational head models in a rapid manner that is robust even when MRI image quality is restricted.

Material and Methods

We created our patient models using a detailed head model of a healthy person as a deformable template. After pre-processing (denoising and reducing background noise, if needed: super-resolution algorithms), we manually segmented and masked the tumor to leave only healthy tissue in the MRI. This is then registered to the template space transforming the patient space to template space. In the next step, the template is deformed into the patient space by inverse transformation before placing back the tumor to create the full patient model. Landmarks on the patient’s head are automatically identified for positioning of the transducer arrays to include them into the model. We then simulated field distribution with the Finite Elements Method (Sim4Life V3.0, ZMT-Zurich).


We simulated distribution in 340 TTFields-treated patients of the EF-14 trial that led to the therapy approval in GBM. Our method enables to accurately contour tissues known to have a great impact on the electric field distribution such as the skull, scalp, CSF, or ventricles, a fundamental prerequisite for the subsequent study investigating correlation of TTFields spatial distribution and patient outcome.


Our method for fast patient-specific model creation enabled us to rapidly create patient-specific head models even when the quality of the available MRI images was low. This ultimately prepared the ground for investigations of correlations between spatial electric field distribution and disease progression.